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Homa u-Migdal Museum

Early Settlements

Homa u-Migdal - “Tower and stockade” is the name given to the communities established during the incursions and incidents during the years 1936-1939, known by the Arabs as “The Arab Revolt”. The British government’s attempts to freeze immigration and settlement in Eretz Israel aroused the need to find new methods of coping. The leadership of the existing settlement chose the planned settlement method, based on security considerations and long term national needs.

The plan for the type of “Tower and stockade” communities was proposed by Shlomo Gur, a member of Kibbutz Tel Amal, and approved, with minimal alterations, by the Hagana.


Shlomo Gur’s plan answered several major needs: the establishment of a temporary settlement in one day; and the possibility, in the future, to convert the temporary settlement into a permanent one while creating conditions that would enable a small group of defenders to withstand an attack until the arrival of reinforcements.


According to Gur’s plan, a wooden tower crowned by a searchlight for observation and signaling was constructed in the middle of the settlement, surrounded by a few huts. The entire area was enclosed by a wall, built of two wooden fences, between which was a gravel infill as protection from bullets. Within less than three years, 55 new communities were established - a leap from nothing to a period of intensive progress. “Tower and stockade” settlements were established throughout the country, from kibbutz Dan, in the North, to kibbutz Negba in the Negev (South), many of them in areas where there was formerly no Jewish Yishuv (community).


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